Also, expression of Nr4a3 mRNA in mesenteric adipose tissue was increased by both manual and electrical stimulation, indicating increased insulin responsiveness and GLUT4 translocation by both methods . However, protein expression was not changed in mesenteric adipose tissue. In today’s changing insurance marketplace, it’s important to have an independent insurance broker that understands your commercial and personal insurance needs and tailors solutions to fit your business and your lifestyle. Lackner McLennan does just that. We ask the right questions. We listen to your needs and discuss your priorities. We give you alternatives so that you can make the best insurance choices for your business, yourself and your family. Moreover, only electrical stimulation reduced the weight of the subcutaneous (inguinal) adipose tissue depot. Secondary comparisons were between the two treatment groups (electric vs. manual stimulation). SPSS software (version 17.0, SPSS, Chicago, IL) was used for all statistical analyses. P<0.05 was considered significant. However, in contrast to our previous findings, neither gene nor protein expression of GLUT4/Slc2a4 aligned with immunofluorescense staining, indicating a stronger effect on translocation than expression.
Repeated electrical stimulation regulated key functional molecular pathways important for insulin sensitivity in soleus muscle and mesenteric adipose tissue to a larger extent than manual stimulation. Manual stimulation improved whole-body glucose tolerance as measured by OGTT, an effect that was not observed after electrical stimulation, but did not affect molecular signaling pathways to the same extent as electrical stimulation. From age 70 days, rats received manual or low-frequency electrical stimulation of needles in abdominal and hind limb muscle five times/wk for 4–5 wks; controls were handled but untreated rats. Cardiovasc Rec 18: 663–668. 47. Stener-Victorin E, Kobayashi R, Kurosawa M (2003) Ovarian blood flow responses to electro-acupuncture stimulation at different frequencies and intensities in anaesthetized rats. Jpn J Physiol 55: 149–155. 46. Kaufman MP, Waldrop TG, Rybycki KJ, Ordway GA, Mitchell JH (1984) Effects of static and rythmic twitch contractions on the discharge of group III and IV muscle afferents. Diabetologia 43: 821–835. 7. Krook A, Wallberg-Henriksson H, Zierath JR (2004) Sending the signal: molecular mechanisms regulating glucose uptake.
Metabolism 58: 1372–1378. 24. Feng Y, Johansson J, Shao R, Manneras Holm L, Billig H, et al.. (2012) Electrical and manual acupuncture stimulation affects estrous cyclicity and neuroendocrine function in a DHT-induced rat polycystic ovary syndrome model. Diabetes Care 22: 1462–1470. 29. Livak KJ, Schmittgen TD (2001) Analysis of relative gene expression data using real-time quantitative PCR and the 2-ΔΔCT method. The microscope selector will show you the model(s) that will match to your specific application Euromex The latest news. Manual stimulation led to faster glucose clearance and modified mainly gene expression in mesenteric adipose tissue (increased Nr4a3, Mapk3/Erk, Adcy3, Gsk3b), but not protein expression to the same extent; however, Nr4a3 was reduced in soleus muscle. Meet all your kitchen efficiency and cooking requirements using the right grater and plete all kind of slicing and grinding in minutes and cook tasty dishes for the special dinner hosted at your place.